Which are types of JDBC drivers?

There are 4 types of JDBC drivers:

  • JDBC-ODBC bridge driver : it allows access to DBMS via ODBC.  It is accessible in J2SE platform via sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver.
  • Native API partly Java driver : it translates JDBC’s calls to a particular DBMS through a mixture of Java’s API and native API.
  • JDBC-Net pure Java driver : it is known also as network protocol driver, it allows database connection via an application server (middle-tier) converting JDBC calls, directly or indirectly, to vendor specific database protocol.
  • Native-protocol pure Java driver :  it allows also database connction via a middle-tier converting JDBC calls directly to vendor specific database protocol.

The last two protocols are written completely  in Java.


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